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Alzheimer's disease

What is Alzheimer's Disease?
Alzheimers Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease which will affect most of us at one point in time, and it’s prevalence increases with age.

Diagosis for Alzheimer's Disease
In the early stages in particular, dementia is often difficult to diagnose, since many symptoms are not recognized as such or are trivialized by the patient. 20% of actual dementia cases are reported to be incorrectly diagnosed as a different disease.

The Symptoms
In early dementia the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include memory loss, disorientation and confusion. These symptoms are caused by the loss of neurons and worsen with continuous neurodegeneration. The pathology of dementia is not solely the result of a cholinergic deficit. It is known that, chronically and pathologically elevated glutamate concentrations play an important role.

The Treatment
In general two main groups of dementia can be distinguished, requiring different types of treatment:

  • Cerebro-organic (primary) forms of dementia
  • Non-cerebro-organic (secondary) forms of dementia

Depending on the stage of the disease, clinical symptoms of varying intensity dominate. With the progression of AD, treatment is aimed particularly at improving and stabilizing personal everyday functions, so as to keep patients independent for as long as possible.

Useful websites:


France Alzheimer et Maladies Apparentées
Tel: +33 1 42 97 52 41
Fax: +33 1 42 96 04 70


Deutsche Alzheimer Gesellschaft
Tel: +49 30 315 057 33
Helpline: 01803 171 017
Fax: +49 30 315 057 35


Federazione Alzheimer Italia
Tel: +39 02 809767
Fax: +39 02 875781


Confederación Española de Familiares de Enfermos de Alzheimer
Tel: +34 948 174517
Fax: +34 948 265739

United Kingdom

Alzheimer's Society
Tel: +44 20 7306 0606
Helpline: 0845 300 0336
Fax: +44 20 7306 0808


Last Updated 10-03-2015